Preposições / Preposition

21/09/2010 20:06



  1   A escolha de uma preposição de lugar depende do modo como vemos um objecto. As palavras entre parênteses, ao lado das preposições in, on, at em baixo, indicam o modo como vemos os objectos:
ponto Dimensão 0 - posição de um ponto em espaço
linha Dimensão 1 - comprimento
área Dimensão 2 - comprimento e largura (horizontal)
superfície Dimensão 2 - comprimento e largura (horizontal, vertical, plano, ou não-plano)
volume Dimensão 3 - comprimento, largura e altura (ou profundidade)


IN   (áreas)

• in bed
• in the park, in the woods, in the forest, in the desert
• in the square, in the village, in town, in the city, in the country
• in London, in Oxford, in Lisbon, in Paris
• in England, in Portugal, in Spain, in France
on a farm (excepção)


IN   (volumes)

• in the pocket, in the cupboard, in the box, in the fridge
• in the office, in the classroom, in the bedroom, in the living room
• in the water, in the swimming pool, in the river, in the lake
• in the house, in the cinema, in the theatre, in the supermarket
• in hospital, in church, in prison


ON   (linhas)

• on the river, on the beach, on the coast, on the shore
• on the border, on the road, on the edge, on the line


ON   (superfícies)

• on the table, on the door, on the floor, on the wall, on the ceiling
• on land, on the moon, on earth


ON   (transportes públicos)

• on the bus, on the train, on the plane


AT   (pontos)

• at the cinema, at the supermarket, at the bookshop
• at the butcher's, at the chemist's, at the grocer's
• at the door, at the entrance
• at Harrods, at Heathrow Airport, at Gatwick Airport
• at university, at Oxford (1), at Cambridge (1)
• at London (2), at Lisbon (2), at Faro (2)
• at school, at home, at work, at church
• at the bus-stop, at the crossroads


(1) universidades das respectivas cidades
(2) pontos de paragem de uma viagem


AT   (moradas, actividades)

• at 15 Oxford Street, at the same address
• at the party, at the meeting



segundos   in twenty seconds, in thirty seconds' time
minutos   in a minute, in ten minutes, in ten minutes' time
horas   in an hour, in ten hours, in ten hours' time
dias   in two days, in thirty days' time
semanas   in a week, in two weeks, in two weeks' time
meses   in a month, in two months, in a month's time,
in January, in July, in May 2000, in June 2001
anos   in 1959, in 1980, in 1999, in 2001
décadas   in the 1960s, in the 1970s, in the 1990s
séculos   in the 19th century, in the 21st century
partes do dia   in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening,
in the night (1)
estações   in (the) spring, in (the) summer,
in (the) autumn, in (the) winter
festivais   in Easter week, in Ramadam
períodos   in that time, in that year, in that period


dias da semana   on Sunday, on Monday, on Tuesday,
on Sundays, on Mondays, on Tuesdays
partes do dia   on Sunday morning, on Monday afternoon,
on Wednesday evening
datas   on 21st January, on June 10th,
on 2nd May 1990, on 30th June 2000
aniversários   on my birthday, on our wedding day
festivais   on Christmas Day, on New Year's Day,
on Good Friday, on Easter Sunday
acontecimentos   on that day, on that afternoon, on that evening


festivais   at Christmas, at Christmas-time, at Easter
horas exactas   at seven o'clock, at twelve thirty, at 3.30 p.m.,
at midday, at midnight, at noon
idades   at sixteen, at the age of 18
outras   at dawn, at this time, at that time, at tea time,
at lunch time, at dinner time, at the weekend,
at night (2)


all   all morning, all day, all week, all month, all year
every   every morning, every day, every week
last   last night, last Friday, last week, last month
next   next Friday, next week, next month, next year
tomorrow   tomorrow, tomorrow afternoon
yesterday   yesterday, yesterday morning
outras   the day before yesterday,
the day after tomorrow


(1) in the night refere-se a uma noite específica
(2) at night refere-se a uma noite como uma outra qualquer